New Delhi: The occasion of Ram Navami marks the birth of Lord Ramchandra. Rama, whose deeds as mentioned in Ramcharitramanas written by Tulsi Das, has a message for all people living in 2021. His deeds need to be followed more than his name.
Lord Ram was much ahead of his time. Lord Rama, in the words of Swami Vivekananda, is “the embodiment of truth, of morality, the ideal son, the ideal husband and above all, the ideal king.” He is a symbol of the victory of right over evil. Lord Rama characterises how a man should fulfil his moral commitments and should strictly follow his limits so that social order can be maintained. It is precisely due to this fact; he is known as “Marayada Purushottam” or “The man of limits.”
In Pavan Varma's book “The greatest ode to Lord Ram: Tulsidas's Ramcharitramanas,” he says - Ramrajya was the most instructive and longest chapter. Varma posed a question “Was Tulsi's version of Ramrajya secular?” and answers it in detail.
“In Tulsi's definition of Ramrajya, righteousness prevails, supported by the four pillars of truth, purity, compassion and charity,” which, we must note, are also the pillars of every religion. Ramrajya is “a kingdom in which there is no violence, there are equal rights for everyone... and all people are bound by mutual love — sab nara karahin paraspar priti.”
Tulsi's Ramrajya may sound utopian. It may even seem imperfect from some modern perspectives. Nevertheless, it is largely free from the taint of injustice. Such a kingdom would not be “an exclusively Hindu State,” Varma avers. “It would work to create a harmonious society, respecting people of all faiths.”
The book's virtues, however, go far beyond contemporary controversies. One of the greatest strengths of Ramcharitmanas (which means 'the splendid lake of Ram's character') is that it illuminates “the philosophical intricacies of Hinduism” in “a lyrical outpouring.”
Like all the great Bhakti poet-saints born in different parts of India, Tulsi synthesises the apparent “dichotomy between a 'nirguna' (attributeless Absolute) and 'saguna' (attribute-full) deity.” He harmonises another important dichotomy — the diversity of castes and social groups.
In today's world, none of us have the time to take rest. Everyone is busy in the race of earning their bread. Millennials face bitterness, hatred, injustice and enmity. The welfare of the society is in rooting out the main source of negative temperament. Our culture enlarges cooperation, love and non-violence. But lack of time we keep on forgetting culture and literature which is becoming the main cause of physical mental and ethical degradation.
Thus reminding the messages from Ramcharitmanas that were way ahead. Human nature should be based on morality because without it the position of grudge prevails in society. We all should not give up morality even in hand problems.
It is said in a verse of Sunder Kand:
“Niti Birodh Na Maruhu Doota”
Morality advises us not to give up moral duties even in unfavoured circumstances. It is rightly said in the following verse:
"Sachiv Ved Guru Teen Jyon Priy Bolahi Bhay Aash Rajdharam Tan Teen Kar Hohai Begahi Nash”
According to ethics in any condition, we should give right advice because without it the right personality of a person cannot come in front. Doctor, advisor and a teacher should obey their right duty. So that society may go forward in right direction, in difficult time. Vibhishana told -
“Ram Bhaje Hit Nath Tumhara.”
In present times, human character is proceeding towards distraction and destruction, the news is full of hate comments, parents are being left in old age homes and brothers are selfishly quarrelling upon wealth.
The Ramcharitramanas has mentions of the love and respect that is owed to a mother, father and brother. It has been told by the Character of Shri Ram – “Pratkal Uthi Kain Raghunatha, Matpita Guru Nvahi Matha.”
In Ramcharitmanas, it's said people cannot make mistakes even in misunderstanding forgetfulness at one place.
It has been told by Tulsi Das Ji - “Bhool Na Dehu Kumarag Paun.”
Means - O Lord, we should not make mistake in forgetfulness.
The group of the people which helps to finish difficulties by cooperation is called society. But in every society, for development and aim securing some certain rules are necessary to be followed. It has been said in Ramcharitmanas that in a society, a man should work according to his word and should not be aside by his word. Exiled Ram and Laxaman never thought of conquering any state and rule over it but lived in a forest with full loyalty.
It has been told in Ramcharitramanas:
“Tor Kos Grah mor sab, Satya Bachan Sun Bharat,
Bharat Dasa Sumant mohi, Nimis kalp sam jat”
It is the rule of socialism that injustice should be opposed selflessly. Rama Killed Bali and Ravana only to give a message but not to get their wealth.
In Ramcharitmanas, there are policies which mentioned that Lord Rama himself followed. It says that a ruler must adopt policies that are in the favour of people.
Principles of Rama –
“Daihik Daivik Bhautik Tapa Ram Raj Nahi Kahun Byapa”
Means - the ruler should obey some ideals of politics and try to adopt such policies which are in favour of the citizens and do not arouse any kind of hatred among the people.
Tulsi Das has told in Ramcharitmanas –
“Bayaru Na Kar Kahu San Koi, Ram Pratap Vishamata Khoi”
Means - Making no difference among the people, making the people get the same opportunity should be the aim of politics.
Tulsi Das says friends are those who uplift the character and personality of the friends. But the friends of today exploit their friends by their money, time and character only to fulfil their greed.
But in Ramcharitamanas, an ideal example of friendship has been given. Once during Rama and Ravana battle, being angry with Vibhishan, Ravana attacked him but Rama made him get aside and wore the attack on his body.
“Ahat Dekh Sakti Ati Ghora,
Pranatrat Bhangan Pan Mora,
Turat Bibhishan Pachhe Mela,
Sanmukh Ram raheu so sela”
It also has been said by Tulsi Das that a person who does not become sad in the sorrow of his friend, it is not religious to see his face.
“Jo Na Mitra Dukh Honhi Dukhari, Tinehi Bilokat Patak Bhari”
For the teaching of friendship, Ramcharitamanas is the best epic. This generation of ours needs Rama today more than ever before!