Diwali celebration commences from the day of Dhanteras. Dhanteras is also known as Dhanatrayodashi in Sanskrit. The word Dhanteras is made from two words 'Dhani' meaning wealth and 'Teras' means thirteen.
Every year, Dhanteras is celebrated on the thirteenth lunar day of Krishna Paksha in the Hindu month of the calendar. This year, Dhanteras will be celebrated on Tuesday 2nd November.
Significance of Dhanteras
If you are interested in buying gold then what better day than Dhanteras? People from the Hindu religion have a strong belief that buying gold/ silver jewellery or utensils on the auspicious day of Dhanteras brings good luck and prosperity to the house. It is believed that the purchase of gold or silver omits negativity and bad luck too. Not only jewellery or utensils, but people also invest in buying property and other assets on this day.
Like every festival of India, Dhanteras is linked to a mythological story. According to the horoscope of the 16-year-old son of King Hima, his death was predicted by snake-bite on the fourth day of his marriage.
On the predicted day, his newlywed wife of the son did not allow him to go to sleep. She arranged all of her ornaments including gold and silver coins in a heap at the entrance of the sleeping chamber and lit many lamps. Then she sang songs and did storytelling for her husband the whole night to keep him awake and when the god of death 'Yama' arrived to take the prince with him, he was resisted entering his sleeping chamber because of the dazzling ornaments and brightness of the lamps, which blinded his sight.
Yama was not able to make his way towards the prince's sleeping room, therefore he sat on the heap of ornaments and listened to the wife singing the whole night. In the morning, he silently went away. So this is how the young prince was saved from an early death with the help of his new bride. Thus the day came to be celebrated as Dhanteras.
Due to the interesting story of Yama bared the life of a prince, Hindu people have a strong belief that buying gold/silver on Dhanteras brings blessings.
On Dhanteras, lord Dhanvantari is also worshipped. According to Hindu mythology, Lord Dhanvantari appeared from the ocean of milk during the ocean churning (samudra manthan). He was holding a Kalash in one hand full of holy water (Amrit) that had an Ayurvedic herbal mix to grant immortality and in another hand he held sacred text about Ayurveda.
The festival began with Lakshmi puja, by lighting the Diya and singing devotional songs to praise goddess Laxmi. Then sweets are offered to the Goddess, in Maharashtra special sweets are prepared where coriander seeds are mixed with jaggery. On Dhanteras people clean their houses, get their walls repainted and decorate their homes with rangoli and lights.
Dhanteras puja timings
Dhanteras Puja Muhurat -18:22 - 20:09
Yama Deepan on November 2, 2021
Auspicious Timings to buy Gold on Dhanteras - November 2, 2021- 7:10 pm to 8:44 pm