Fasting during Ramadan can be challenging for people with diabetes, and it's important to talk to a healthcare provider before deciding to fast. Patients with diabetes who decide to fast should closely monitor their blood sugar levels and adjust their medication regimen accordingly. Additionally, it's important to keep in mind that fasting for long periods can increase the risk of binge eating and other complications, such as dehydration and electrolyte imbalances.
Adequate sleep is essential for overall health, and it's especially important during Ramadan when fasting can affect energy levels. Getting enough rest can also help with digestion and prevent complications such as constipation.
Drinking plenty of water is crucial during Ramadan to prevent dehydration. Patients with diabetes may need to drink more water than usual to compensate for fluid loss. Other hydrating beverages such as sugar-free and low-sugar options may also be beneficial.
Probiotics, such as those found in yogurt, can promote healthy digestion and reduce the risk of constipation during fasting. Patients with diabetes should choose low-sugar options and monitor their blood sugar levels after consuming probiotics.
When breaking the fast, patients with diabetes should choose healthy, balanced meals that are low in sugar, fat, and salt. Lean proteins, such as grilled chicken and fish, and a variety of fruits and vegetables can be good choices. Fried and greasy foods, as well as sugary desserts, should be limited or avoided.