If you come across persistent diarrhea, bloody stools and abdominal pain, these symptoms might be hinting at inflammatory bowel disease. Inflammatory Bowel Disease, also called IBD, is an umbrella term for all the disorders leading to chronic inflammation of the intestines or digestive tract.
India is the second worst-hit country by IBD, with 1.5 million cases a year, following only the USA. It most commonly occurs between the age of 15 to 30.
Types of IBD
There are three main types of IBD
Crohn’s disease: It leads to swelling and pain in the digestive tract and can affect any part from the mouth to the anus. In most cases, it affects the small intestine and upper part of the large intestine.
Microscopic colitis: Such type of IBD causes intestinal inflammation which can only be detectable through the microscopic view.
Ulcerative colitis: It leads to swelling and sores the ulcer in the larger intestine and rectum.
Symptoms of IBD
Experts explain symptoms of IBD can be mild and severe they can also come and go. They may also appear suddenly or can come gradually. Here are some common symptoms:
Causes of IBD
There are these below mentioned three main factors of IBD but researchers are still working to identify the exact cause:
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Immune system response: Immune system of the body fight and defends the body against any infection but the immune system of people with IBD mistakes food with foreign substances and attacks against it causing IBD symptoms.
Genetics: IBD can also pass on to you through your family, 1 in 4 people has a family history of someone with the same disease.
Environmental trigger: after exposure to an environmental trigger people with an IBD family history may develop the problem. Triggers can be smoking, stress or medication for depression.
One can prevent or reverse the symptom of IBD by following healthy lifestyle changes, consuming a balanced diet, quitting smoking, learning to manage stress. If anyone comes across the above-mentioned symptoms it is important to seek professional help without hesitation.