Paranoid personality disorder PPD is a mental condition in which a patient becomes suspicious of others and develops a long-term pattern of distrust. It is defined as a type of eccentric personality disorder.
Dr Rajiv Sharma, a city-based Psychiatrist says, “People with PPD mistrust the motive of people around them whether they are family members or colleagues. This can cause harm or problems in their relationship and they can face difficulty in maintaining a good bond.”
Experts also use the term cluster A personality disorder to describe eccentric personality disorders like PPD. People can also confuse PPD with schizophrenia but here are a few criteria shared by Dr Sharma on which any professional can confirm the disorder.
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Causes of PPD are yet not discovered fully but experts believe it is a combination of biological and psychological factors. Other reasons can be a family history of someone suffering from schizophrenia, delusion disorders or childhood trauma.
Role of a family member or a bystander
The role of family or a bystander is very important when it comes to dealing with someone who has a paranoid personality disorder.
Rather than responding with anger and frustration, you can share their fears and help them differentiate reality, as experts say they do not have firm delusions.
Dr Sharma informs that PPD can be treated or controlled with a combination of psychotherapy and medicines.