Bunion foot and its complications
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Bunion foot and its complications

A bunion foot is a bone deformation that is medically termed hallux valgus

Bunion foot and its complications

A bunion foot is a bone deformation that is medically termed hallux valgus. A bony bump formed on the joint at the base of the big toe is known as Bunion. There can be various reasons for its occurrence.

According to Mayo Clinic, this condition can take place when some of the bones in the front part of your foot move out of place. This leads the tip of the big toe to be pulled toward the smaller toes and forces the joint at the base of the big toe to stick out.

The skin over the bunion might get red and sore. Some people also have this deformation since birth and some might have it as a result of injury. Many experts reveal that bunions can form with ageing when  they come across any bone disease such as artherterise. Another reason for a bunion is wearing tight, uncomfortable and narrow shoes. It might also make the situation worse. Some people can also develop smaller bunions (bunionettes) that can develop on the joint of your little toe.

Some signs and symptoms of a bunion are:

  • You can notice swelling, soreness, and redness around the big toe joint.
  • One can also develop corns or calluses, around the bunion.
  • Lessor limited movement of your big toe.
  • A bulging bump on the outside of the base of your big toe.
  • Constant pain in the toe.

Some causes of a bunion are:

According to the Mayo Clinic, there are different theories on the cause of bunions but the exact cause is yet not found clearly.  Some factors contributing to the cause of bunions are:

  • Inherited foot type
  • Foot stress or injuries
  • Deformities present at birth

People suffering from inflammation come across many complications in their daily life. Some of them are-

Bursitis: It is a painful condition, where the small soft-like fluid-filled pads that support the bones near the joints become inflamed.

Metatarsalgia: A condition which causes pain and swelling in the ball  of your foot is recognised as metatarsalgia.

Hammertoe: When you develop an abnormal bend in the middle joint of a toe, usually the toe next to your big toe can cause pain and pressure.  The condition is known as hammertoe.

To such conditions, choose your shoes wisely, they should be wide from the toe box and should not be pointed. Your shoes must be soft and not pressurise your foot in any way. If you face extreme complications  consult a medical professional.