Hypertension is a very prevalent lifestyle disease that, in recent years, has become very common. If you feel stressed or are suffering from sleeplessness, it could be because of high blood pressure. One thing about hypertension is that you might not even be aware of whether you have it or not.
What's High Blood Pressure
High blood pressure (hypertension) is a common condition in which the long-term force of the blood against your artery walls is high enough to eventually cause health problems. We can say it creates more resistance to the blood flow and can cause severe health problems such as heart disease.
Before knowing the symptoms of High Blood pressure, let's understand the stages of it-
According to Dr. Satbir Singh, a cardiologist in Delhi, there are five stages of blood pressure readings.
Healthy: Healthy blood pressure reading is less than 120/80 millimeters of mercury (mm Hg).
Elevated: The systolic BP reading is between 120-129mmHg and the diastolic number is between 80 mmHg. You need to maintain a healthy lifestyle and exercise should be included in your daily routine during this.
Stage 1 High BP: The systolic number comes between 130 and 139 mm Hg and the diastolic number comes between 80 and 89 mm Hg.
Stage 2 High BP: If the systolic number will be 140 mm Hg or higher, or the diastolic number is 90 mm Hg or higher., it requires urgent medical attention.
Hypertensive Crisis: The systolic number is over 180 mm Hg, or the diastolic number is over 120 mm Hg, this stage can be very dangerous and requires medical attention.
According to certain reports from WebMD, about one-third of people who have high blood pressure don't have any idea about high BP. Well, there is a list of symptoms to detect High Blood pressure.
During High blood pressure, pressure builds in the cranium, and as a result, BP spikes up to critical levels resulting in migraine or headaches.
Chest pain, irregular heartbeats, difficulty in breathing
With high blood pressure, it is more difficult for your heart to push blood through your blood vessels. When plaque collects in your blood vessels or part of your heart muscle gets bigger because of high blood pressure, it may lead to Coronary artery disease or Left ventricular hypertrophy ( enlarged heart).
According to a report from the New York Times, patients with high BP had a 47 percent increased risk for nosebleeds, and their bleeding was more severe but the association between the two is not known yet.
Blood in urine
Blood in urine due to High Blood pressure is also known as Hematuria and is mostly found in genetic deficiency.
Vision problems, blood spots in eyes
Retina blood vessels are being damaged by high blood pressure. Long time High blood pressure can lead to vision loss.
Trouble sleeping or sleeplessness also increases the blood pressure reading.