We may have felt sudden chest pain after moments of great sadness. The emotional pain of loss in human relationships is often explored in art, yet it could also be a medical condition.
Broken heart syndrome, also known as stress cardiomyopathy or Takotsubo cardiomyopathy is a condition where one can experience sudden pain in the chest after overwhelming emotional or physical stress. It mimics a mini heart attack yet is not that fatal. In broken heart syndrome, the heart arteries are not blocked, although blood flow in the arteries of the heart may be reduced.
Dr Anil Dhal, a senior cardiologist explains “Broken heart syndrome occurs because of any emotional stress, which can be sadness or happiness. During such time, the body goes through a hormonal search Due to which a portion of the heart is stunned.
While presenting the reason for its other name ‘takotsubo cardiomyopathy’ Dr Dhal says “ When an individual has suffered from broken heart syndrome, their heart looks like an octopus trap also known as takotsubo cardiomyopathy on an echo. This name is derived from the Japanese language.
According to Cleveland Clinic, nearly 7.8 per cent of patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) are diagnosed with broken heart syndrome during the COVID-19 pandemic as compared to the 1.5-1.8 per cent before the pandemic.
Cleveland Clinic says that broken heart syndrome is an easily reversible and temporary condition. The medical literature reports explain that this syndrome can be detected in about 2% of patients suspected of a heart attack.
Symptoms of broken heart syndrome:
According to Cleveland Clinic, in broken heart syndrome, the stress hormones temporarily stun your hurt muscles by showing similar symptoms like a heart attack. Here are some of the symptoms of a heart attack one can experience:
How is it different from a heart attack?
Why is broken heart syndrome not a heart attack?
Dr Dhal explains “While screening there are ECG changes, echo changes, enzymatic changes which all resemble heart attack but the pattern does not correlate with the vessel territories and therefore it is not declared as a heart attack.”
He added “A broken heart syndrome can occur without any illnesses or also to someone who is sick or has serious illnesses, and comes across unusual conditions. It normally recovers by itself.”
Causes of broken heart syndrome:
Broken heart syndrome can be triggered by stressful emotional or physical trauma. Some of the examples of such conditions are mentioned below:
This article is a replug on World Heart Day