The arrival of summer brings numerous diseases with it and one of them is the old famous malaria. Though malaria is a common disease, it can become severe if not treated on time. However, it is preventable and curable. According to a report by World Health Organisation (WHO), there were 241 million cases of malaria recorded worldwide in 2020.
To raise awareness about Malaria and make the world malaria free, WHO has marked April 25 as World Malaria Day. This year's theme for World Malaria Day is "Harness innovation to reduce the malaria disease burden and save lives".
Female Anopheles, responsible for the disease, carries the infection known as plasmodium parasite. It breeds in water bodies like puddles, borrows pits, river bed pools, seepages, wells, pond margins and sluggish streams. According to experts, this mosquito bites between dusk and dawn in most cases.
Although everyone is prone to Malaria, it affects young children, non-immune pregnant women, people with immune-compromised conditions and travellers from endemic areas more. Malaria is transmitted by blood so it can also be transmitted through organ transplantation, used syringes and needles.
According to Healthline, signs of malaria show up in 10 days to 4 weeks. In some cases, symptoms may also not develop for several months. Some of the common symptoms of malaria are headache, high fever, shaking, chills, muscle pain, diarrhoea and anaemia. Coma, bloody stool, organ failure, swelling of the blood vessels and accumulation of the fluid in the lungs are some of the symptoms of the severe cases.
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Malaria can be diagnosed by looking out for the below-mentioned points:
Here is how you can prevent it:
If you or anyone in your surrounding experience such symptoms, visit the doctor for diagnosis on time.